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Varroa Mite Management

Colony Health and Varroa Mite/Pest Mitigation Plan

Vermont beekeepers are required to annually report any diseases found in their colonies as well as have a Varroa Mite and Pest mitigation plan for their apiaries (see 6 V.S.A. §§ 3023).

The Colony Health Survey and Varroa Mite/Pest Mitigation Plan serves as a reporting format for these requirements.

Need help writing a mite mitigation plan? We recommend using the Honey Bee Health Coalition's TOOLS FOR VARROA MANAGEMENT website and guide

Effective Mite Mitigation Plans include the following information:

  • Mite sampling frequency and method(s)
  • Management or treatment threshold levels in  number of mites detected per 100 bees
  • Treatment or management methods

More useful resources:


Api- Bioxal update:

Effective March 21, 2023 the Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets has removed the Extended Release Oxalic Acid FIFRA 2(ee) interpretation notice from our website. This was done as a result of a determination by the US EPA on March 21, 2023 that this interpretation was not allowed under the provisions of FIFRA. As a result of this determination, the application of oxalic acid using glycerin treated cellulose pads is no longer considered allowable under the provisions of FIFRA 2(ee). A copy of the letter is available here:

EPA Letter - Extended Release Oxalic Acid FIFRA 2(ee) interpretation (PDF)

All persons who apply pesticides must comply with all label provisions including directions for use, personal protective equipment, disposal instructions and environmental protection statements.