by Alison Kosakowski
Though they play an important role in baking, quiche, and of course breakfast, the humble egg is often overlooked, or treated like a minor-character in the mealtime plot. But spring is the incredible egg’s time to shine. This week, eggs have been working overtime, hidden in egg hunts, nestled in Easter baskets, and displayed on traditional Passover Seder plates.
In honor of the occasion, the Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food, and Markets is sharing some fun facts about eggs…
- According to the USDA Ag Census, Vermont farmers raise about 212,000 layer hens, annually.
- Each hen, in her prime, lays approximately 276 eggs per year. By that math, Vermont produces about 60 million eggs each year!
- In fact, the number is probably significantly higher, since backyard flocks are not counted in the Ag Census, and we all know Vermonters love to raise their own birds.
- Nationwide, 96.4 billion eggs are produced annually!
- Iowa is the nation’s largest egg producer, raising 5,420,900 layer hens, annually.
- The USDA estimates that each American eats about 255 eggs each year.
- That is a sharp decline from the 1950’s, when annual egg consumption was around 400 eggs, per person.
- Chicken eggs come in many colors – brown, white, even blue – but there’s no correlation between color and nutritional value. The color variation is entirely due to the breed of the chicken. For instance, Leghorns typically lay white eggs, Orphingtons lay brown eggs, and Ameraucanas can lay blue or green eggs.
- The average egg has six grams of protein.
- According to the USDA census, there are 1,682 egg farms in Vermont. The vast majority are raising relatively small flocks. In fact, 1,600 of those farms have fewer than 100 layers, each.
Deviled, scrambled, or fried, few foods are as versatile and nutritious as the incredible, edible, egg! Thanks, Vermont farmers, for keeping our cartons full!
The April Edition of Agriview is Here!
All the great content from our Agriview print newspaper is now available online - including editorials, market reports, classified ads, community resources and events calendars, and much more! Click HERE or on the image below to read Agriview online.
by Ryan Patch
Spring Snowstorm Could Delay Early Season Farming Activities
April 1st is the traditional date that the state’s winter manure spreading ban is lifted and farmers can get out on their fields and begin to apply those valuable nutrients to their cropland. However, with fresh snow expected for many parts of Vermont by April 1st, the Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food & Markets (VAAFM) is issuing a special ‘spring stewardship’ reminder for all Vermont farms: Even though the manure spreading ban will be lifted April 1st, new statewide water quality rules – the Required Agricultural Practices (RAPs) – prohibit the application of manure on frozen or snow covered ground, in addition to any application that would result in runoff to surface waters.
Farmers concerned about storage capacity in their manure pits are encouraged to call the Agency of Agriculture to discuss options available for managing, transferring, or developing emergency manure spreading exemption plans. The Agency is committed to working with farmers to find solutions. When evaluating their fields over the coming weeks to assess appropriate manure spreading conditions, the most important question that farmers and manure applicators need to ask is: ‘When applied to this field, will manure runoff to surface water or a ditch?’ Individual conditions will vary significantly across the state, and farmers need to assess their fields carefully and take action to ensure that they are in compliance with the rules and are protecting our waterways.
To ensure compliance with the RAPs [ http://agriculture.vermont.gov/rap ] and protect water quality, VAAFM has the following reminders for farmers this spring:
- If you still have capacity in your manure pit, wait until snow is off the fields before you spread manure.
- If you do not have capacity in your pit, reach out to VAAFM to seek alternative solutions or an exemption.
- Do not spread manure on saturated ground that will runoff to surface water, or before major rain events.
If an emergency manure spreading exemption is issued for manure application on frozen or snow-covered ground, farmers need to observe the following protocols:
- Avoid spreading when rain is expected
- Spread at least 150 feet from top of stream banks, ditches or roadside ditches
- Select the most level fields available and avoid significant (>5%) slopes
- Utilize reduced (<3,000 gallons/acre) spreading rates
- Select fields with cover crops or good residue cover
- After spreading any nutrient (liquid or solid manure, compost, or fertilizer) be sure to keep accurate records of the manure or nutrients applied.
“Over the past two months, more than 120 farmers and manure applicators have attended our new Manure Applicator Training workshops to understand the rules about spreading under the new RAPs. The participation and feedback has been fantastic – it is clear the ag community is engaged and eager to do their part!” said Laura DiPietro, Deputy Director of the Ag Resource Management Division at VAAFM.
Vermont’s winter manure spreading ban, which prohibits spreading between December 15 and April 1, began in 1995.
For more information about the RAPs, the winter manure spreading ban, or for recommendations regarding early season spreading practices, please visit: http://agriculture.vermont.gov/RAP
To request an exemption to the prohibition from spreading on frozen or snow-covered ground, please call VAAFM Ag Resource Management Staff, either: Laura DiPietro, 802-595-1990 or Dave Huber, 802-461-7160.
By Henry Marckres, Consumer Protection Section Chief
The Consumer Protection Section of the Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets will be hosting multiple scale inspection events around the state during March and April for anyone who uses scale(s) at farmers’ markets or farm stands to sell produce or other commodities. This testing is required by law, and the Agency would like to encourage producers to take advantage of these testing dates as they will replace the Agency’s annual visits to Vermont farmers’ markets for the same reason. This will allow the Agency to perform these inspections in a more efficient manner in a way that creates less disruption to you and the farmers’ markets. This is the only way to get scales tested in 2017.
Please plan to attend one of the inspection events listed below. Bring your legal for trade scale, and any accessories that you use with it for weighing items for sale.
The following is a list of dates and locations for the testing. Most sites will be at Agency of Transportation (AOT) garage sites. Hours for each location will be 9:00am – 3:00pm. You can come anytime during our open hours, and no advance appointment is necessary. The test should take around 10 minutes per scale.
2017 Scale Testing Events:
Location: AOT - St. Albans, 680 Lower Newton Rd
- Date: March 30
Location: AOT – Dummerston, 870 US Rt. 5
- Date: April 3
Location: AOT – Bennington, 359 Bowen Rd.
- Date: April 4
Location: AOT – Colchester, 5 Barnes Ave.
- Date: April 4
Location: Agency Weights and Measures Lab, 322 Industrial Park Lane, Berlin
- Dates: April 4 April 11 April 25
Location: AOT – Windsor, 1640 US 5 North
- Date: April 5
Location: AOT – Randolph, 100 Bettis Rd.
- Date: April 10
Location: AOT – Bradford, 57 Fairground Rd.
- Date: April 11
Location: Travel Information Center, Route 100, Warren
- Dates: April 13
Location: AOT – Derby, 4611 US Rt. 5
- Date: April 18
Location: AOT – Morrisville,643 Brooklyn St.
- Date: April 18
Location: AOT – St. Johnsbury, 1098 US Rt. 5
- Date: April 19
Location: AOT – Clarendon, 1628 Route 7B
- Date: April 25
Location: AOT – Middlebury, 341 Creek Rd.
- Date: April 27
Look for the scale checking signs!
If you have any questions, call the Consumer Protection office at: 802-828-2426
The Agency of Agriculture Has Formed a Committee to Seek Advice and Input from Farmers Regarding RAP Implementation
Grant Money Available to Vermont Farmers Through Agency of Ag’s BMP Program
Technical assistance and up to 90% cost share available for some practices
By Jessica Buckley, VAAFM
The Best Management Practices (BMP) Program is a State of Vermont grant program designed to assist farmers with the implementation of structural conservation practices to improve water quality. BMP Grant funds can be used to support a wide variety of projects, including, but not limited to:
- Composting stack pad
- Barnyard runoff collection
- Gutter/ditch clean water diversion
- Laneway development and stream crossings
- Exclusion fencing and watering facilities
- Milk House waste collection and treatment
- Silage leachate collection and treatment
BMP grant details:
- Farmer’s equipment and labor costs are eligible for reimbursement
- Farmers will receive reimbursement upon certified project completion
- Final payment will be determined by actual project costs as documented by itemized invoices
- Grant agreements must be in place prior to the start of construction
- Grant applications will be reviewed and awarded on a competitive basis, not all requests will be granted
BMP applications can be found online at: agriculture.vermont.gov/BMP
Or contact Jeff Cook, Financial Manager: (802) 828–3474
Do you have a NRCS EQIP Contract?
VAAFM could contribute up to $200,000 towards your project with our BMP program.
Spring is Almost Here!
Here’s your spring crop field management checklist
- Maintain or establish 25’ Vegetated Buffers adjacent to surface waters (e.g. streams, rivers, ponds)
- Maintain or establish 10’ Vegetated Buffers adjacent to ditches
- Manure may not be applied in buffers, and buffers can be either grass or trees
- Get your soils tested
- Keep accurate records of nutrient applications
What To Expect When You’re Inspected
New informational video helps small Vermont farms prepare for certification