Agricultural Water Quality Regulations

Any agricultural operation that meets the threshold of a farm are required to follow the Required Agricultural Practices (RAP). Depending on the size of the operation, there may be additional requirements as well as the Required Agricultural Practices (RAPs).

Farm Size
Regulated by Required Agricultural Practices 
Other Requirements
Nutrient Management Requirements 
Educational Credit Requirements

Small Farm OperatioNS

$2,000+ in Agricultural Sales / Year

No less than 4.0 Contiguous Acres

Filed a 1040(F) income tax statement (in at least one of the past two years)

RAPS

 

Nutrient Management

 

Certified Small Farm Operations

50-199 Dairy Cows

75-299 Cattle

750-2,999 Sheep or Goats

50+ Acres Annual Crops

RAPS

Annual Certification Form 

590 Nutrient Management Plan

4 hours every 5 years

Medium Farm Operations

200-699 Dairy Cows

300-999 Youngstock/Heifers/Veal/Cattle

 

RAPS

Medium Farm General Permit and Associated Requirements

590 Nutrient Management Plan

4 hours every 5 years

Large Farm Operations 

700+ Dairy Cows

RAPS

Large Farm Permit and Associated Requirements

590 Nutrient Management Plan

4 hours every 5 years
 

Custom Manure Applicators

RAPS

Custom Applicator Certification 

Keep Records of Nutrient Applications 8 hours every 5 years

Important Dates for Agricultural Water Quality Regulations

Custom Manure & Ag Waste Applicator Certification

January 31

Custom Applicators are required to renew their annual certification and pay an annual fee by January 31 of each year. Exams are required every 5 years. Applicators who are seeking certification should contact the VAAFM.

CSFO Annual Certification

January 31

Farming operations that meet the threshold of a Certified Small Farm Operation are required to self-certify their operation with the Agency of Agriculture annually by January 31. 

LFO Annual Reporting and Fee

February 15

Farming operations within the threshold of a Large Farm must submit their annual compliance report and operating fee before February 15 of each year.

MFO Annual Reporting and Fee

April 30

Farming operations within the threshold of a Medium Farm must submit their annual compliance report and operating fee by April 30 of each year.

Cover Cropping of Floodplains

October 1-15

Annually, fields need to be broadcast seeded by October 1, and drilled or otherwise incorporated by October 15. Requirements for cover crop establishment on frequently flooded areas of annual crop field begin in the Fall of 2017.

Extended Winter Spreading Ban on Floodplains

October 16-April 14

The extended winter manure spreading ban for frequently flooded areas of annual crop fields will take place from October to April beginning October 16, 2017.

Winter Manure Spreading Ban

December 15-April 1

This winter manure spreading ban has been in place since 1995 and prohibits spreading of manure or other agricultural wastes during the winter season. There are exemptions for emergency and non-emergency situations, call (802) 828-2431.

 

Contact Information

Agency of Agriculture, Food & Markets

116 State Street
Montpelier, Vt 05620-2901
802.828.2430

Program Contacts

  • Media Inquiries                      802.622.4662
  • Licensing & Registration        802.828.2436
  • Business Development          802.828.1619
  • Feed, Seed, Fertilizer & Lime  802.828.2431
  • Working Lands                    802.622.4477
  • Public Health & Resource Management                802.828.2431
  • Laboratory               802.522.3502
  • Animal Health                        802.828.2421
  • Dairy                              802.828.2433
  • Consumer Protection / Weights & Measures                            802.828.2433
  • Meat Inspection                    802.828.2426
  • Water Quality                               802.828.2431
    • Farmer Assistance                    802.622.4098
    • Enforcement                                802.828.2431
    • Reports                                      802.272.0323
    • BMP's                                      802.828.3474
  • Act 250                          802.828.2431 
  • Pesticide                        802.828.2431