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HPAI in Dairy Cows - An Emerging Animal Health Issue

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and State veterinary and public health officials are investigating an illness among primarily older dairy cows.  Vermont is monitoring the situation as it develops.  Currently, no cases have been detected in Vermont and no links to affected states have been identified.

Producers and Veterinarians

As of Monday, April 29, 2024, the USDA are initiating testing and requirements that must be met for all lactating dairy cows moving across state lines. Additional recommendations are made for non-lactating cattle and other species. Please review the following resources to understand how this applies to you:

Animals Moving Direct to Slaughter

Click above for the most recent guidance (updated 4/30/24) providing specific instructions for lactating dairy cows moving directly to slaughter across state lines. 

  • Lactating cows with symptoms suggestive of HPAI in cattle are ineligible for interstate travel even direct to slaughter.

United State Department of Agriculture (USDA) Updates and Resources

Center for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) Updates and Information

Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Resources


For questions or concerns, please contact or 802-828-2421.