The National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP) was started in the early 1930s to coordinate State programs aimed at the elimination of pullorum disease from commercial poultry. Pullorum is a bacterial disease of poultry that is transmitted from a hen to her chicks via the egg. By testing adult birds and eliminating disease carriers from the breeding flock, commercial chicken and turkey producers have greatly reduced the incidence of this costly disease.
The Plan is administered through a Memorandum of Understanding between the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and “Official State Agencies” in each of the 48 participating States. Individual producers in the Plan sign a memorandum of participation with their Official State Agency. The Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets serves as Vermont's Official State Agency, and as such, Agency animal health specialists test poultry at Bird Swaps and other poultry commingling events throughout Vermont.
Requests for testing of an NPIP certified flock and other Program questions should be directed to the Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets' Animal Health Office.
To review importation requirements for poultry, refer to the poultry section of Vermont's importation rules.