Required Agricultural Practices (RAPs)

Download RAP FINAL RULE (11/18/2016)

Download RAP Final Rule Filing Set (11/18/2016)

Download VAAFM's Documentation Submitted to LCAR for 11/3/2016 Hearing (10/31/2016)

Download LCAR Revised RAP Final Proposed Rule (10/31/2016)

Download LCAR Revised RAP Final Proposed Rule ANNOTATED (10/31/2016)

Download RAP Final Proposed Rule (9/14/2016)

Download Annotated RAP Rule

Download RAP LCAR Filing Document (without public comments attached)

Download Responsiveness Summary

Download All Public Comment & Testimony Recieved

Proposed RAP Rule Announcement

RAP Rulemaking Timeline

Act 64 of 2015: Vermont's Clean Water Act Summary

Current Accepted Agricultural Practices (AAPs)

RAP Public Rulemaking Process Archive


Updated Downloadable Documents & Helpful Links

RAP Final Rule (11/18/2016)
RAP Final Rule Complete Filing Set (11/18/2016)
VAAFM's Documentation Submitted to LCAR for 11/3/2016 Hearing (10/31/2016)

LCAR Revised RAP Final Proposed Rule (10/31/2016)
LCAR Revised RAP Final Proposed Rule ANNOTATED (10/31/2016)
RAP Final Proposed Rule as filed with LCAR--9/14/2016 (.pdf)
Annotated RAP Final Proposed Rule--9/14/2016 (.pdf)
RAP Filing Document without public comments--9/14/2016 (.pdf)
RAP Final Proposed Rule Responsiveness Summary--9/14/2016 (.pdf)
All Public Comment and Testimony Recieved from 5/13/2016 to 7/8/2016 (.pdf)--43MB
Complete LCAR Filing Packet 9/14/2016 (.pdf) --61MB


Download RAP Final Rule (11/18/2016)


Download RAP Final Rule Filing Packet (11/18/2016)


Download RAP Effective Dates Discussion


Download VAAFM's Documentation Submitted to LCAR for 11/3/2016 Hearing (10/31/2016)


Download LCAR Revised RAP Final Proposed Rule (10/31/2016)


Download LCAR Revised Final Proposed Rule ANNOTATED (10/31/2016))


Download RAP Final Proposed Rule (9/14/2016):


Download ANNOTATED RAP Final Proposed Rule (9/14/2016):



Download RAP Filing Document Without Comments (9/14/2016)



Download RAP Final Proposed Rule Responsiveness Summary (9/14/2016):



Download Public Comments Recieved For Formal Rulemaking (43MB) [9/14/2016]:





RAP Final Proposed Rule Announcement


Agency of Agriculture Files Final Proposed Water Quality Rule for All Farms in Vermont

Final Step in Public Rulemaking Process Ongoing Since October, 2015

On September 14, 2016, the Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets filed the Required Agricultural Practices (RAP) Final Proposed Rule with the Legislative Committee on Administrative Rules (LCAR) and the Vermont Secretary of State’s office.  This filing represents the final step in the public rulemaking process the Agency has been engaged in since October of 2015.
“Throughout this process, we have been deeply committed to transparency and collaboration with our stakeholders,” said Chuck Ross, Secretary of Agriculture.  “I cannot stress enough my appreciation for the farming community and their positive engagement in this process to date; their willingness to come to the table and discuss the specifics of the rule over the many different drafts has helped us as an Agency develop a rule which strikes the balance between meeting stringent water quality standards and the realities of farming in Vermont.”
The Required Agricultural Practices Rules and supporting documents have been developed over the past year in conformance with the requirements of Act 64, signed into law in June of 2015.  The Agency has held 89 meetings with the public and the regulated community since October of 2015 to discuss the rule in detail; 83 of those meetings were held by the Agency in advance of the formal process and were not required by law.  These meetings were held as the Agency provided two drafts of a proposed rule prior to the formal rulemaking process and a third draft (the proposed rule) filed with the Secretary of State in May of 2016.
Over 2,100 individuals have attended meetings regarding the rule over the course of the pre-rulemaking and formal rulemaking process. The Agency has attempted to engage with the public and the regulated community regarding the requirements of this rule and has sought to be responsive to comments provided over the past year.  Substantial changes were made to the first two drafts of the rule prior to the formal rulemaking process.  The final proposed rule filed with LCAR yesterday has also been changed to reflect comments received during the formal comment period—over 300 changes were made as a result of comments received.
Over five hundred written comments and testimony were received by the Agency during the formal comment period and six public hearings which ran from May 13, 2016 to July 7, 2016.  Areas of the rule that received the greatest amount of comment were those that specified what types of farms would be required to self-certify and what entities would be subject to the rule in general (Section 3; 361 comments), buffer requirements (Section 6; 466 comments), and the requirements for livestock exclusion from surface waters (Section 7; 376 comments).  The Agency directs reviewers of the rule to the Responsiveness Summary for more detail regarding these comments and the Agency’s responses to them.
“The Agency has spent countless hours reviewing and considering all of the comments received about the rule in an effort to balance the needs of a highly diverse and thriving agricultural community, the requirements of Act 64, and the demands of the public at large for improvements to the State’s water quality,” said Jim Leland, Director of the Ag Resource Management Division.  “The Agency firmly believes that the resulting rule strikes that balance.”
To view the RAP Final Proposed Rule and all supporting filing documents, please visit the Agency’s RAP webpage at:

RAP Rulemaking Timeline

Please click the image below to download the RAP Rule Revision Timeline graphic:





This act amends or enacts multiple statutes related to water quality in the State. The act amends several provisions regarding agricultural water quality. The “accepted agricultural practices” are renamed the “required agricultural practices (RAPs).” The Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets (AAFM) shall revise the RAPs by rule by September 15, 2016. 

The revised RAPs shall include requirements for: small farm certification, nutrient storage, soil health, buffer zones, livestock exclusion, nutrient management, and tile drainage.

  • Small farm certification

  • Nutrient storage

  • Soil health

  • Buffer zones

  • Livestock exclusion

  • Nutrient management

  • Tile drainage (By: January 15, 2018)


Current Accepted Agricultural Practices (AAPs) 

Accepted Agricultural Practices (AAPs) are the foundation of Vermont’s Agricultural Nonpoint Source Water Quality Program..  AAPs are state-wide restrictions designed to conserve and protect natural resources by reducing non-point source pollution through the implementation of improved farming techniques rather than investments in structures and equipment.  All agricultural operators are required to conduct their farming activities in compliance with the AAPs, including all medium and large farms operating under permits.  

The original AAP regulations, adopted in 1995, addressed animal waste management, erosion and sediment control, vegetative buffer zones along surface waters, fertilizer management and pesticide management.   Amendments to Vermont’s Agricultural Water Quality Law (Title 6 Vermont Statutes Annotated, Chapter 215), along with 10 years of experience in working with the AAPs since their adoption in 1995, led to the need to update and revise the AAPs in 2006.   The AAP regulations now include requirements related to the management of streambanks, animal mortalities, groundwater contamination, and setbacks for manure storage and land application. 

Investigations into alleged violations of the AAPs are conducted by Vermont Agency of Agriculture Field Agents.  These Agents also conduct investigations into cases of alleged pesticide misuse and collect samples of animal feed and fertilizer for analysis to ensure product quality and integrity.