The Golf Course Permit Program was initiated in the summer of 1991 due to regulations implemented in the fall of 1990. This program reviews the use of pesticides on Vermont's golf courses for potential impacts on ground water, surface water, the public, and environmentally sensitive areas.
No person shall use any pesticide on a golf course without first obtaining a permit from the Secretary of Agriculture as provided in Section IV 9 of the Vermont Regulations for Control of Pesticides. The permitting program requires golf courses to submit an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) plan and site information which describes their use of pesticides, pests controlled, methods to reduce pesticide use, historical pest problems, buffer zones and justification for use of pesticides which may be mobile in the environment. Proposed updates to the pesticide regulations in 2017 will add a Nutrient Management Plan (NMP), mandatory soil testing of areas to receive fertilizer, fertilizer applications based upon soil test results and University recommendations, and additional fertilizer record keeping requirements.
Questions about Vermont Golf Course Permits should be directed to
Matthew Wood, Golf Course Permit Coordinator
Resources for Golf Course Superintendents
Regulations – Old and New
DRAFT of the proposed changes to the Golf Course Permit Regulations (pdf) – Currently implementing a rollout of these requirements during the 2017 season in preparation for annual permit renewals starting in 2018.
Vermont Golf Course Regulations - 1991 (pdf) – Section IV. 9. of the Vermont Regulations for Control of Pesticides that cover Golf Course Permits.
Pesticide Information – requesting an amendment to your golf course permit
Vermont Golf Course Dilution Worksheet (updated June 2017 - Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet) - performs calculations needed to amend golf course permits with non-prescreened products. * Note the application rate entered into this spreadsheet has been changed from "PINTS/ACRE" to "OZ./1000 SQ. FT" for both wet and dry formulations.* Please follow instructions on the first tab of this spreadsheet carefully before submitting this to the Golf Course Permit Coordinator.
Pre-Screened List (pdf) - The list of pesticides pre-approved for use on Golf Courses in Vermont. One must still apply to the Golf Course Permit Coordinator to add these to your Golf Course Permit by submitting the following information:
· product name and all active ingredients contained
· EPA Reg #
· location of application (tees, greens, fairways, roughs, etc.)
· proposed application rate
· proposed # of acres per treatment
· proposed # of applications per year
Nutrient Management Plan Information
For a list of all requirements, see “DRAFT of the proposed changes to the Golf Course Permit Regulations” above.
Fertilization and Nutrient Management Guidelines for Golf Turf in Vermont
Dr. Sid Bosworth, Extension Professor, University of Vermont.
UVM’s Agricultural and Environmental Testing Lab Website:
You are not required to use UVM, but this lab will test soil and provide fertility recommendations for golf course turf in VT. Forms can be downloaded from this site. Note crop codes to indicate golf course turf are on the back of the order form.
Nitrate Leaching Index Information Sheet - how to find yours in 12 easy steps!
Natural Resources Atlas Website:
Proposed Permitting Process Changes
By 2018 the program will switch from permits that “don’t expire until revoked” to permits that expire at the end of each calendar year and are renewed annually.
These are not required, but using them and completing them properly will ensure that you are following the pesticide and fertilizer record keeping requirements under the new regulations. Remember these records need to be maintained for 5 years.
Other Useful Stuff
2017 “To Do” list for Vermont Superintendents – a small list of 3 things to do this 2017 season and a few things to think about for fall and 2018.