The Animal Health and Dairy Sections of the Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets monitor for the presence of Brucellosis in Vermont's dairy livestock herd through annual testing of bulk milk tank samples acquired from commercial dairy farms. Additionally, producers who sell raw milk directly to consumers are required to test their animals for Brucellosis since this milk is not pasteurized prior to consumption. Pasteurization has been proven to destroy the causative agent of Brucellosis. Vermont, like most other states, is considered to be Brucellosis free. Currently, the Greater Yellowstone Area of the US is the region still contending with Brucellosis, and the nidus of infection is thought to be the susceptible wildlife species in Yellowstone.
Brucellosis is a contagious, costly disease of ruminant animals that also affects humans. Although Brucellosis can attack other animals, its main threat is to cattle, bison, and swine. The disease is also known as contagious abortion or Bang's disease. In humans, it's known as undulant fever because of the severe intermittent fever accompanying human infection or Malta fever because it was first recognized as a human disease on the island of Malta.
Learn more about Brucellosis.
Questions regarding Brucellosis can be directed to the Animal Health Office.
To review Brucellosis testing requirements for susceptible species imported into Vermont, review the Vermont importation rules.
For instate diagnostic testing support, visit the Vermont Agency of Agriculture laboratory's website.
Brucellosis fact sheet.