The Animal Health Section of the Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets works with private accredited veterinarians to monitor for the presence of Tuberculosis (TB) in Vermont's livestock herd through targeted testing of susceptible animals prior to interstate movement. Additionally, producers who sell raw milk directly to consumers are required to test their animals for Tuberculosis since this milk is not pasteurized prior to consumption. Pasteurization has been proven to destroy the causative agent of Tuberculosis. Vermont, like many other states, is considered to be Tuberculosis free. Periodically, infection is detected in herds in other states, and the movement of any infected animals into Vermont poses a risk to Vermont's livestock herd and citizens.
Tuberculosis is a contagious disease of both animals and humans. It is caused by three specific types of bacteria that are part of the Mycobacterium group: Mycobacterium bovis, M. avium, and M. tuberculosis. Bovine TB, caused by M. bovis, can be transmitted from livestock to humans and other animals.
Questions regarding Tuberculosis can be directed to the Animal Health Office.
To review Tuberculosis testing requirements for susceptible species imported into Vermont, review the Vermont importation rules.