"Genetically engineered (GE) seed" means seed produced using a variety of methods, as identified by the National Organic Program of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, used to modify genetically organisms or influence their growth and development by means that are not possible under natural conditions or processes. Such methods include cell fusion, microencapsulation and macroencapsulation, and recombinant DNA technology (including gene deletion, gene doubling, introducing a foreign gene, and changing the positions of genes when achieved by recombinant DNA technology). Such methods do not include the use of traditional breeding, conjugation, fermentation, hybridization, in vitro fertilization, or tissue culture. (6 V.S.A. § 641).
"Genetically modified organism" (GMO), as defined by Vermont statute, means any organism altered or produced through genetic modification from a donor, vector, recipient organism, or by other means using modern molecular techniques (6 VSA § 1030).
Currently, the Agency of Agriculture is charged with maintaining annual sales records of seed considered genetically modified (by the above definitions) of the seed type or kind, trait modified for, the amount sold, and the selling company name. We do not track buyers, locations of planting, amounts planted or harvested, or the disposition of crops grown using genetically modified seed.
In 2011, only GE corn and soy were reported as sold in Vermont. Small quantities of alfalfa and canola had been reported as sold in previous years.